The banjo is well known for its different patterns used for tuning. Generally, this instrument is available with four and five strings, however, those with six strings are also being used nowadays.
Tuning Patterns in a Banjo
And musicians can choose any type of tuning they want according to their preferences. However, as a beginner in knowing how to play the banjo, it is better if you practice first on common tunings and then move on to more specific ones later.
Tuning a Banjo
Switch it on, and keep it near the banjo. Play any one string and check if the LED on the electronic tuner shows the accuracy of the sound produced by the string. Tune the string, until the light goes green or the indication is accurate on the screen of the tuner. In the similar manner, tune all strings according to the tuning pattern you want.
Use a clip-on tuner, which is the same electronic tuner but with a clip on to be fixed on the banjo head. Switch the tuner on, play any string, and tune it until the screen or light indicates that the note is tuned accurately. You can even use a piano for tuning the banjo. Play the respective notes on a piano and adjust the strings according to piano notes.
For tuning the banjo with a guitar, get an open 'G' pattern on the banjo, match the sound of the guitar's 2nd, 3rd and 4th string to that of the banjo's 2nd, 3rd and 4th string. If you are familiar with tuning and playing the guitar, it is an easy task to tune a banjo. For tuning it by ear, you need to be proficient with accurate note sounds.
These are the methods regarding how to get a banjo in tune. Tuning a banjo is just a matter of matching the open sound of the strings to the universal standard notes according to the tuning pattern you choose, much like tuning a guitar.