A record deal is basically an agreement and contract between a musician and the recording and music marketing company. The recording and music marketing companies judge the quality of music before signing a contract with any artiste or musician. According to the contract, the tracks of the album are recorded by the recording company.
In some cases where the artiste is pretty well-known, promotional tours are also included. The rights to all the recorded tracks are held by the recording company and the artiste. In some exceptional cases, the artiste does not hold any rights to the tracks that have been recorded.
Another effective method is to build a very strong fan base among the people. Often, due to this huge fan base, marketing and event management companies approach such artistes to get a record deal signed.
This ensures that all the local fans get the CDs of the tracks. Many of these people make it a point to attend all the concerts. It therefore also helps the artistes in getting sponsorships of a good brand.
Another way is to create a good fan base with a few years of hard work, then make a CD of all the compositions and songs. Initially, you can boost and promote these compositions by winning the attention of the crowd and then forward the CD to all the recording and music production companies.
If you have a really good fan base, then there are chances that you will get the contract. You can also promote your songs through the Internet. This may bring in some good sponsorship from event management companies, who can even act as your agents for the music production houses.
Make simple CDs and distribute them for free during your performances. Another option is to perform with some well-known artistes, this will help the people get acquainted with you, thus helping your popularity.